Page 12 - 13 DMA-Niger Report 2012

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Investing In NIGER
iger’s agricultural
is mainly based upon internal
markets, subsistence farming,
herding, small trading, seasonal migration
and informal markets and expor t.
Agriculture is theprimary sourceof income
for the vast majority of the population in
the Republic of Niger, and the second
largest source of expor t for the country
– par ticularly livestock; the marketing
of hides, skins and leather – especially
from goats. Livestock trade is organised
through strong traditional networks
linking producers, intermediaries, and
traders. Most animal sales by producers
take place in local markets, and while the
urban centres attract livestock for some
local consumption the bulk is destined
for expor t, mainly to Nigeria. 14% of
Niger’s GDP is generated by the livestock
production of camels, goats, sheep and
cattle while the agriculture sector as a
whole contributes 40% of Niger’s GDP.
Currently, the primary crops cultivated for
export are cowpeas, cotton and peanuts;
however, the government is encouraging
crop diversification and increasing the
export of produce such as onions, garlic,
peppers and potatoes all of which grow
well in the western parts of the country –
primarily in the Niger RiverValley.This area
is also irrigated for rice production for
local export. Peanut oilseed production in
2010 stood at 110,000 tons and cotton
production 5,000 bales. Millet, sorghum
and cassava are also grown along the
southern borders with Nigeria, for local
consumption. Niger has the potential to
be self sufficient in producing enough
food to feed its population under usual
circumstances but the region is prone
to drought which causes crops to fail.
Another cause for the lack of food supply
is the influx of refugees to the country
from neighbouring countries – such as
Chad and more recently Libya – where
there is political unrest. Niger’s population
is ever growing and in July 2011 the
government recorded 15,730,754 citizens.
The Republic of Niger falls into a
region across nor thern Africa called the
Sahel zone, the Arabic name literally
translated means “shore, coast” but the
land itself represents the transition from
the Sahara deser t in the nor th to the
Agriculture is the primary source of income
for the vast majority of the population in
the Republic of Niger, and the second largest
source of export for the country