Page 18 - 13 DMA-Niger Report 2012

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Investing In NIGER
government has made
improvements in recent years,
in par ticular in those sectors subject
to liberalisation such as information
and communication technology (ICT)
and urban water supply. Never theless,
between 2000 and 2005, the contribution
of the country’s infrastructure to per
capita growth was only 0.3%.
It is predicted that per capita growth
could be increased by 4.5% of the
country’s infrastructure, and in par ticular
its transpor tation network, could be
raised to the level of that of Sub-Saharan
Africa’s middle income countries.
A World Bank report on Niger’s
infrastructure, dated July 2011, estimated
that meeting the country’s numerous
infrastructural challenges would cost
approximately US$747mn per annumover
the next ten years, c. US$529mn of this
annually to be reserved for capital projects.
At present, Niger spends c.US$225mn per
annum,with the government’s contribution
matched by multilateral development
banks and other overseas agencies.
The major expense has been on water
and sanitation improvements (which
account for cUS$66mn per annum) –
with notable success to date – followed
by transport and ICT.
ARM, (Autorité de Regulation Multi-
Sectorielle, ARM) was established
by the Niger government in 1999 as
a multi-sector regulatory agency to
supervise the Water, Energy (Electricity
and Hydrocarbons), Transpor t and
Telecommunication sectors. ARM is
responsible for promoting the economic
development of each sector, establishing
and overseeing regulatory frameworks
and ensuring fair competition.
Niger is a large, landlocked country and
its government faces the twin challenges
of linking its cities over long distances
and difficult terrain; and facilitating trade
both within the country and with its
regional neighbours.
Road transpor t is the key means of
travel in Niger : consequently, the poor
quality of some of the road network is an
impediment to economic growth.
Recent developments in domestic power
generation are positive: high-flow oil wells have
begun production in the Agadem block and the
country has now become an oil producer